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Wednesday, October 31, 2007
 

There They Go Again... FBI Seeks To Nix Nichols Testimony

Just because it's predictable, doesn't mean it's not disappointing. The FBI has filed a motion opposing a judge's order which would allow Terry Nichols to testify about additional conspirators in the Oklahoma City bombing. It's all part of Jesse Trentadue's ongoing battle to force the FBI to disclose its files on the bombing and evidence that points to a wider conspiracy.

Read the full motion

For the original order, click here

For related stories, see OKBOMB.com

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Monday, October 8, 2007
 

What Is PATCON?

The FBI used undercover agents and an extensive network of informants as part of a secret campaign to penetrate the militia movement during the early 1990s, according to documents obtained by INTELWIRE.

The centerpiece of the program was a covert operation code-named PATCON. From 1991 to 1993, at least three undercover FBI agents posed as members of a fictional white supremacist hate group and attempted to forge bonds with established militias in Tennessee, Arizona, Alabama, Tennessee and Texas.

The targets of the investigation "advocate violent overthrow of the U.S. government and the establishment of an Aryan nation," according to the documents. Members of the targeted groups were linked to the Iran-Contra scandal, Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh and Olympic Park Bomber Eric Rudolph.

Yet the documents describe no significant arrests resulting from the two-year probe, and the entire operation was shut down a few months after the controversial Waco siege further inflamed the radical right against federal authorities.

Full Story | Read The Documents

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PATCON Revealed: An Exclusive Look Inside The FBI's Secret War With The Militia Movement

By J.M. Berger
INTELWIRE.com



Editor's note: This story has been substantially updated and revised. The new version can be seen at Foreign Policy.







Archived version of previous story is here.

Undercover FBI agents posing as white supremacists gathered alarming intelligence about the militia movement during the early 1990s, according to documents obtained by INTELWIRE.

But FBI headquarters abruptly terminated the undercover operation -- code-named PATCON -- just three months after the disastrous siege at the Branch Davidian compound in Waco, Texas.

The timing could hardly have been worse; the networks targeted by the investigation were inflamed to violence by Waco. At least one individual targeted in the investigation -- Andreas Strassmeier -- was later linked to Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh. Another target of the investigation was later linked to Eric Rudolph, perpetrator of the 1996 Olympic Park bombing.

PATCON was the centerpiece of an extensive investigation of militia and white supremacist groups in Arizona, Alabama, Tennessee and Texas.

From 1991 to 1993, at least three undercover agents working under the auspices of the FBI posed as members of a fictional white supremacist group seeking closer ties with established organizations.

The targeted groups "advocate violent overthrow of the U.S. government and the establishment of an Aryan nation," according to the documents.



  • Origins of the investigation


  • Texas Reserve Milita: Aims and practices


  • Informants in the Ranks


  • The PATCON Undercover Operation


  • Interlocking


  • Paranoia at the CMA Convention


  • The Order of Saint John


  • Names in the documents

    The FBI documents linked below describe the PATCON operation as well as the Bureau's efforts to penetrate two secretive extremist groups, the Texas Reserve Militia (TRM), based in the Austin, Texas, area, and the Order of Saint John (OSJ), based in Benton, Tennessee.

    Despite the operation's success in gathering intelligence on the militia movement, the PATCON undercover operation was officially terminated on July 15, 1993, six months after the disastrous siege of the Branch Davidian compound in Waco, Texas.

    FBI field offices in Baltimore, Knoxville and San Antonio were ordered to shut down the PATCON operation in an FBI teletype, in which FBI headquarters deemed there was "insufficient justification" to continue the investigation. It is not clear from the documents that even one significant arrest resulted from the two-year investigation.

    But the very same militia groups targeted by PATCON had been inflamed to violent action after Waco, in a wave of anger that led directly to the Oklahoma City bombing. At least one member of the Texas Reserve Militia -- Andreas Strassmeier -- has been linked to Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh.

    In 2005, INTELWIRE filed a request with the FBI under the Freedom of Information Act for all documents pertaining to a militia organization called the Texas Light Infantry, one of the names used by the Texas Reserve Militia. After reviewing the records, INTELWIRE filed follow-up requests for records concerning the a group known as the Order of Saint John.

    The two FOIA responses contained documents that revealed the PATCON operation. Believing more documents exist, INTELWIRE filed a request specifically for records related to PATCON. Last month, the FBI claimed it was unable to located any such documents -- despite the fact that all the documents cited in this story were provided in response to previous FOIA requests. INTELWIRE is appealing the refusal.

    ORIGINS

    During the late 1980s, the Texas Reserve Militia was formed by some members of the Texas State Guard, a volunteer state military force intended for use when the National Guard is unavailable. The TRM broke away from the state organization when Texas officials determined they were forming an unconstitutional "private army."

    The group was also known as the Texas Light Infantry, the Second Order and The Order. The latter names were inspired by a 1980s neo-Nazi gang that robbed banks and counterfeited money to fund attacks on the government and target ethnicities (external link).

    The FBI believed TRM leadership was linked to the original Order and also closely tied to the Aryan Nations white supremacist network based in Idaho (external link). One TRM member reportedly received at least $250,000 in funds from armored car robberies by the original Order, according to the documents.

    According to the FBI's case files -- including an FBI letterhead memorandum dated December 21, 1990 -- the TRM conducted monthly paramilitary training courses at a camp in the Austin, Texas, area. The camp provided training in firearms, explosive and guerilla warfare for volunteers from Texas and out-of-state, including skinheads from Las Vegas and Memphis. By the end of 1991, the TRM had about 50 members and a much larger number of informal associates, the documents said.

    In or around July 1990, a member of the Texas Reserve Militia threatened to murder two FBI agents with the Austin field office, according to documents obtained by INTELWIRE. The person who threatened the FBI agents "is a major figure in the Aryan Nations," an FBI teletype stated. In response to the threat, the FBI initiated a domestic terrorism investigation against the TRM. Undercover agents were deployed to infiltrate the group, an operation that would later expand into PATCON.


    AIMS AND PRACTICES

    "Members of the group advocate violent overthrow of the U.S. government and the establishment of an Aryan nation," according to the FBI letterhead memorandum. At TRM training camps, military discipline was enforced and officers were saluted with the Nazi "Heil Hitler" gesture, the memo said.

    At one point, the FBI searched the training camp and found one exploded and one partially assembled pipe bomb, the memo said. According to an FBI lab report, the pipe bomb found on the premises was created by a "skilled craftsman" with a high degree of sophistication.

    TRM members also trained with firearms, including fully automatic weapons, the documents state.

    Undercover agents were dispatched to investigate the group after the threat to murder two Austin-based FBI agents, the documents said. The threat was sparked by the FBI's arrest of an unnamed TRM member on an unspecified charge.

    The undercover agents posed as "white supremacists who were willing to commit violence in order to further the white supremacy movement."

    Informants were also actively recruited to penetrate the TRM's ranks. During the course of the investigation, mulitple informants provided information about the organization to the FBI.

    In one instance, the FBI documented a meeting between TRM members and an Austin-area police officer, during which they discussed keeping the group's activity secret and paying bribes to the police officer to suppress complaints by the training camp's neighbors concerning the group's activities.

    A confidential source of the Los Angeles FBI field office revealed that a prominent TRM member had set up a bulletin board network "in which persons with the right code numbers can dial [redacted] phone and enter his computer system and enter the names and addresses of homosexuals who live in the U.S. and Canada. The purpose of the list, according to the source, is to allow action to be taken against those homosexual individuals in the event of a takeover of the United States by the Aryan Nations."

    In 1991, authorities authorities discovered a cache of explosives and paramilitary supplies in Alabama. The FBI believed the explosives were linked to the TRM, according to a February 1992 letter from FBI Assistant Director Larry Potts to the criminal investigative division of the U.S. Army.

    The explosives were found next to a highway north of Birmingham and included ammonium nitrate, the primary explosive component later used in the Oklahoma City bombing. According to the letter, the material and other items found at the site were intended for a raid on a National Guard convoy.

    INFORMANTS IN THE RANKS

    Starting some time in 1990, a parade of informants from within the militia movement began talking to the FBI about planned activities by the TRM and other groups. Over the course of several months, the intelligence became alarming and expanded to include other militia groups around the country.

    On November 21, an informant told the FBI in Phoenix about a shipment of various explosives, improvised military-style ordinance, detonators and assault rifles (illegally modified to be fully automatic).

    The informant told FBI agents that the TRM was joining forces with an organization called the Texas Reenactment Group and that the combined organization would train using "old East German police uniforms which are being obtained by [redacted]." The merger was expected to increase membership of the TRM by at least 200 members. Members would be armed with fully automatic M-1 carbines.

    The source said all members of the group "hate the current President, George Bush" and subcribed to conspiracy theories about a "New World Order" (external link).

    On January 22, 1992, an informant revealed to the FBI that the TRM leadership had scheduled a meeting with a member of Civilian Material Assistance (CMA), "which started out as an anti-communist group supporting the Contras in Nicaragua, but has recently turned into a racist right-wing white supremacist group."

    That meeting had its origins at the November 16-18, 1991, CMA convention in Decatur, Alabama, where a trend toward cooperation by diverse extremist groups began to emerge as a significant potential threat to U.S. domestic security. By the time of the convention, the FBI had infiltrated a number of sources into the mix.

    PATCON

    In March 1991, the FBI extended its investigation of the TRM into a undercover sting code-named "PATCON."

    Details of the PATCON operation were included in a routine request for re-authorization of the TRM investigation. The January 1992 memo from San Antonio-based FBI Agent Daniel Coulson is addressed to Assistant FBI Director Larry Potts.

    "During March 1991, a Group 1 Undercover Operation titled PATCON was approved, utilizing three undercover agents, in order to prevent the murder of (two FBI) agents," Coulson wrote, referring to the threat cited above.

    PATCON initially targeted the TRM, but in January 1993, the undercover agents were also deployed to penetrate the Order of St. John, according to a follow-up memo from Coulson to Potts.

    PATCON undercover agents posed as extremists who financed their activities through armored car robberies, according to an October 1992 teletype.

    PATCON was a Group I Undercover Operation. According to Justice Department guidelines, Group I operations must be approved by FBI Headquarters and are used for investigation involving "sensitive circumstances" or significant financial investment.

    "Sensititive circumstances" include investigating possible criminal misconduct or corruption by government employees, political and/or religious organizations. They may also describe optations "having a significant effect on or constituting a significant intrusion into the legitimate operation of a federal, state, or local governmental entity."

    Group I undercover operations may involve "activity by an undercover employee that is proscribed by federal, state, or local law as a felony or that is otherwise a serious crime" and "activities that present a significant risk of violence, risk of financial loss, or a realistic potential for significant claims against the United States."

    One possible factor in the Group I designation involves an investigation of military equipment stolen from Fort Hood, Texas. According to several documents, an active duty soldier at Fort Hood was an associate and possible member of the TRM. PATCON undercover agents tracked and in at least one case purchased some of the stolen equipment.

    Another factor is only referenced in short asides among the documents currently released. A October 1992 teletype notes that part of the PATCON budget was reserved "for the purchase of Stinger missiles." Several documents refer to the possible theft and resale of Stingers by militia groups, but details are sparse. It's not clear whether the Stingers actually existed and whether PATCON recovered them.

    INTERLOCKING

    PATCON was fully operational by the time the CMA convention was held in November 1991.

    The convention featured extremist speakers from around the country, most of whom were pursuing some sort of racial agenda. An FD-302 interrogation report dated November 21, 1991, provided an extremely detailed report on the event.

    One speaker, described in the documents as a U.S. Marine, addressed the convention on the new cooperative strategy. Before beginning his speech, he requested that all cameras and recorders be turned off.

    According to an informant, the Marine discussed a new strategy for the assembled extremists -- "interlocking anti-government groups so that the movement could be ready to fight the government when the government attempts to take over the rights of the citizens." The speaker believed this battle would take place within two years.

    According to the informant, "interlocking" would connect extremist groups by "making members of one group members of another group" in order to "increase communication and cooperation among these groups" so that they could unite to violently oppose the government.

    "This interlocking procedure ... allows groups with different viewpoints but with the same common antigovernment beliefs to join together," according to the informant.

    After the Marine, a member of CMA also spoke about interlocking. One attendee objected to CMA interlocking with "hate groups such as the KKK" and was told that "come compromises had to be made" in order to fight the New World Order, according to the informant.

    Another document reveals that CMA and the Aryan Nations were planning to interlock "for the purpose of fighting the U.S. government."

    Under the interlocking scheme, "the CMA and the TRM are so closely related that officers in one have equal and dual rank in the other group," according to an informant cited in a December 26, 1991 letterhead memorandum.

    PARANOIA AT THE CONVENTION

    One member attending the convention attempted to interest people in a modified cannon launcher he had designed for long-range attacks (see story).

    Another informant said the cannon's inventor wanted to use the cannon to "lob shells" into the FBI and IRS buildings in Phoenix, Arizona. The inventor was later arrested in relation to this threat, the documents said -- one of the only arrests documented in the case files in relation to any aspect of the investigation.

    An informant who attended the convention said the inventor grilled attendees for names and addresses, leading many to suspect he was a government agent.

    The informant and another who attended the conference said the attendees were paranoid about government surveillance. Although convention attendees aimed most of their mistrust at each other, they did come close to discovering one member of the FBI's actual surveillance team, according to one informant.

    THE ORDER OF SAINT JOHN

    The Order of Saint John compound, Benton, Tenn.

    A map of the Benton, Tenn., compound used by the Order of St. John, which the FBI penetrated in 1993.

    One speaker at the convention, representing a group known as the American Pistol and Rifle Association, coached attendees on tactics for shooting police officers. PATCON agents would follow connections between CMA and the APRA to an armed compound in rural Tennessee.

    The Order of St. John, based in Benton, Tennessee, was closely linked to APRA -- to the extent that they appeared to be the same group with adjacent mailing addresses. Both groups were tied to the TRM, according to several FBI documents.

    Like the TRM, the Order of St. John also went by "The Order." FBI sources penetrated the group so effectively that they were able to draw maps of the Benton compound.

    A PATCON agent met with the leader of the Order of St. John, John L. Grady, at the group's Benton compound in September 1992 and on at least one other occasion, according to an October 1992 teletype and June 1993 memorandum. (Please see notes below regarding allegations against named individuals in these documents.)

    Grady told the PATCON agent that some members of the OSJ-linked American Pistol and Rifle Association had been members of the original Order, describing them as "hardcore types and having committed a number of indiscretions for which they were now serving prison terms," according to the documents.

    The September 1992 meeting coincided with the APRA's annual conference. Security was tight at the conference, including patrols armed with semi-automatic pistols. The PATCON was told that a large stockpile of weapons was stored at the compound. Speeches were given at the event.

    One attendee identified in the October 1992 teletype, was Tom Posey, a leader of the CMA who had been deeply implicated in the Iran-Contra scandal. The PATCON agent was shown five sets of night-vision goggles in the back of Posey's vehicle, according to the document. The agent bought the goggles for $7,500, the document states, and they "appeared to be part of the Fort Hood theft." Curiously, the FBI field office in San Antonio was instructed to check the serial numbers of the goggles "without revealing to Army authorities" that they had been recovered.

    A document states that Grady told the undercover agent he was "aware of various law enforcement agency efforts to infiltrate his organization as well as the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) and that a group called 'Klan Watch' put out a publication which expressed views contrary to Grady." (KlanWatch was a project of the Southern Poverty Law Center.)

    On a second visit, the PATCON agent and was "warmly welcomed," according to the memo. He received a tour of the compound, including a library "which contained over 30,000 books on topics ranging from religion to conspiracy."

    "Grady talked about the aftermath of the Waco incident and stated that the Davidians shot in the compound had been killed by a Special Forces unit," the memo said. It was later revealed in mainstream media reports that Special Forces officers had been involved in planning the raid, but that was not public knowledge at the time of the visit. The leak of that story was linked to another underground group (external link).

    NAMES IN THE DOCUMENTS

    INTELWIRE is publishing a representative sampling of more than 2,000 pages of documents relevant to this story, which were obtained through the Freedom of Information Act. Additional documents will be published in the future, and additional related FOIA requests are in process.

    The first batch of documents can be viewed by clicking here.

    The documents name several figures in connection with the investigation. It is important to note that in almost every case, the individuals named in the documents have never been prosecuted for the acts alleged in these documents. INTELWIRE does not assert any claim as to the truth of the allegations contained in the documents.

    Some individuals whose names are redacted or incomplete in the documents have been identified by INTELWIRE. Additional reports are planned to address this issue and the veracity of the claims made in the documents.

    Members of the Texas Reserve Militia identified in the FBI's extensive case files included:



  • Watt (first name not given), a former member of the Texas State Guard (a legitimate government reserve group) who was described as one of the founders.


  • Louis Beam, a prominent neo-Nazi with ties to the Aryan Nations and the original Order, who ran an early white supremacist computer bulletin board network and published a newsletter called The Seditionist. (External link)


  • Someone who claimed to be a former Special Forces member; the person's name was redacted from documents by the FBI.

    Associates of the Texas Reserve Militia who are named in the documents include:



  • John L. Grady, leader of another militia organization known as the Order of St. John. Grady was later linked to Eric Rudolph by prosecutors who tried Rudolph for a 1998 Birmingham abortion clinic bombing (New York Times).


  • Thomas Posey, leader of a paramilitary group known as Civilian Material Assistance. According to a January 22, 1992 teletype, CMA "started out as an anti-communist group supporting the Contras in Nicaragua, but has recently turned into a racist right-wing white supremacist group."

    Another member of the group, described but not named in the redacted documents released by the FBI, was Andreas Strassmeier, a German national who would later be linked to the Oklahoma City bombing.

    The son of a prominent German politician and a veteran of that country's army, he moved to the United States from Hamburg in the late 1980s or early 1990s, and established relationships with various racist and anti-government movements around the country. (US v Nichols, 96-CR-68, 12/10/97; In Bad Company, Hamm, pp. 116-117)

    Members of the TRM suspected Strassmeier was a government informant, according to published reports. (McCurtain Gazette, FBI document links former Green Beret to McVeigh, bombing, Cash and Charles, Aug 31, 2005)

    Shortly before the Oklahoma City bombing, an informant told the ATF Strassmeier was plotting to blow up U.S. federal buildings. The informant also said Strassmeier had traveled to Oklahoma City prior to the bombing.

    Right after renting the Ryder truck used in the Oklahoma City bombing, Timothy McVeigh called the Elohim City compound and asked to speak with Strassmeier (US v Nichols). Another informant described at least one additional call (story and documents). After the bombing, Strassmeier fled the country and returned to Germany.

    The FBI interrogated Strassmeier by phone in May 1996, but agents did not ask him about his association with the TRM (document).

    The documents also name the official responsible for overseeing PATCON from FBI headquarters in Washington, D.C. -- Larry Potts, then an assistant FBI director. During his tenure with the FBI, Potts was involved in the 1991 Ruby Ridge standoff and the 1993 Waco siege -- two events that created deep suspicion and hostility among members of the militia movement.

    In addition to Strassmeier, several key events and figures encountered in the PATCON investigation overlap with the activities of the Aryan Republican Army, a white supremacist bank robbery gang that has been linked to the Oklahoma City Bombing. Like the Order, the ARA robbed banks with the stated purposes of financing an armed revolution against the U.S. government.

    In a 2007 affidavit (story, document), one member of the gang said he suspected Richard Guthrie and other gang members of taking part in the Oklahoma City bombing. In July 1996, Guthrie appeared to commit suicide in prison, shortly before he was scheduled to testify about the ARA's activities (documents).

    Shawn Kenney, a member of the gang and an FBI informant, had his criminal record "actively erased," according to an affidavit by former Cincinatti police officer Matthew J. Moning, who investigated the ARA, also known as the Midwest Bank Robbers.

    Another FBI informant close to the ARA was Scott McCarthy, according to a 2006 Congressional probe of the bombing (story and full text). The report, written by U.S. Rep. Dana Rohrabacher, claimed the Justice Department was "unwilling to permit" investigators to speak with McCarthy.

    Prior to their arrest, ARA members made a videotape outlining a proposed campaign of racial and antigovernment violence. According to a 2002 story in the McCurtain Gazette, two copies of the tape were seized by the FBI in mailing envelopes addressed to Richard Butler of the Aryan Nations and to Louis Beam, who is named in the Texas Reserve Militia documents.

    The ARA videotape also threatened terrorist violence against the 1996 Olympic Games in Atlanta, a threat that was later carried out by Eric Rudolph.

    This story was updated on October 10, 2007.
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    Saturday, October 6, 2007
     

    Informant: Meir Kahane Planned Biological Terror Attack On USSR

    Meir KahaneINTELWIRE has obtained approximately 2,000 pages of FBI records concerning radical Jewish leader Meir Kahane. This is the second in an ongoing series of releases, published in chronological order. Due to the large number of documents for 1971, they will be posted in three parts.

    Click here for an introduction to this series, and documents from 1970

    There are some fascinating documents in this installment.

    In a January 18, 1971 teletype, an informant provided a detailed look at the inner workings of the JDL. Among the items he disclosed: Kahane was allegedly pursuing a plan to unleash a terrorist attack against the Soviet Union using biological weapons.

    "Kahane has seriously discussed capturing a Soviet city. His (illegible) intent is to secure germs of a virulent disease from a hospital or bacteriologist, grow a sufficient amount of these germs, and then smuggle them to a Soviet city. He will then threaten to contaminate the city unless the Soviet (sic) allow Jews to emigrate to Israel. Source advised that the problem of securing the germs and growing them is relatively simple for any bacteriologist. However, the details of getting them to the Soviet Union have not been worked out."

    Another document (page 239) presages the sort of complications the FBI would encounter during the 1990s in dealing with Islamic terrorism. An FBI source within the JDL requested that FBI agents train him in the use of explosives.

    According to the letterhead memorandum, "the source was advised that the FBI could in no way indoctrinate him relative to explosives. He was also informed that he should in no way instigate conversations or activities which would in any way involve entrapment regarding any activity involving explosives on the part of JDL members."

    During the World Trade Center bombing, defense attorneys tried (unsuccessfully) to argue that the FBI's informant in the case, Emad Salem, had entrapped the participants in the conspiracy and provided them with explosives expertise they wouldn't have had otherwise.

    While Salem appears to have done no such thing, FBI informant Ali Mohamed did train the conspirators in various paramilitary tactics. Naval Intelligence informant Garrett Wilson also provided paramilitary training and sold weapons to the cell.

    I've highlighted a few more interesting notes in the PDF. Much of the current file deals with Kahane's 1970-1971 trip to Israel and persons he met with there, as well as Kahane's efforts to secure a meeting with the Secretary of State William Rogers (by threatening to disrupt the Soviet Mission to the UN until Rogers agreed to the meeting). The documents have been heavily redacted by the FBI.

    If anyone spots something particularly noteworthy that hasn't been covered in the previous literature on Kahane, please feel free to drop me a line. Page numbering continues from the first installment.

    Meir Kahane FBI Records, 1971 Part One

    Page 121: Kahane travels to Israe; an "unknown individual" remains in Israel "obtaining information for Kahane."

    Page 127: Kahane and others arrested during a demonstration at the Soviet Mission to the UN.

    Page 150: Kahane seeks meeting with Secretary of State; State Department refuses to meet with him, but he says he will go there anyway.

    Page 230: Memo to White House, Henry Kissinger, Secretary of State and Attorney General concerning a Kahane appearance. It's interesting to see the intense interest in Kahane's activities across a broad spectrum of government agencies.

    Page 264: Kahane threatens to bomb the Soviet embassy.

    Kahane FBI Files, 1970

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    Tuesday, October 2, 2007
     

    FBI Surveillance of Meir Kahane

    Meir KahaneINTELWIRE has obtained approximately 2,000 pages of FBI records concerning radical Jewish leader Meir Kahane. The documents will be published in installments over the next several weeks, broken down by the year covered in the records.

    A Brooklyn native, Kahane was the founder of the Jewish Defense League. Kahane, who spent time in prison for terroristic activities, eventually moved to Israel. He was assassinated in 1990 by El Sayyid Nosair, an Egyptian who was later linked to the World Trade Center bombing.

    The Anti-Defamation League says "Kahane consistently preached a radical form of Jewish nationalism which reflected racism, violence and political extremism." The FBI records illustrate these points. Later installments touch on Kahane's contact with elements in the Mafia.

    The sheer amount of coverage devoted to Kahane is remarkable. The FBI followed Kahane's movements in minute detail for at least 10 years, as documented in the FOIA records. The first installment appears below. I've highlighted a few of the more interesting notes in the PDF.

    If anyone spots something particularly noteworthy that hasn't been covered in the previous literature on Kahane, please feel free to drop me a line.

    Meir Kahane FBI Records, 1970

    Page 8: J. Edgar Hoover chastizes New York Field Office for failing to penetrate the Jewish Defense League (JDL).

    Page 22: Domestic intelligence investigation of JDL finds "participation by its members in attempted hijacking of international air flights and stockpiling of weapons and explosives purchased by the JDL obstensibly for training purposes at its summer camp in upstate New York."

    Page 33: Description of FBI interview of Kahane on Sept. 18, 1969.

    Page 37: FBI interview with Kahane on Sept. 29, 1970. Kahane agrees to provide information to the FBI on various people associated with the JDL.

    Page 47: As of October 1970, there were 134 open cases connected to the JDL.

    Page 54: According to a source who attended a Kahane speech in Williamstown, Massachusetts, "Kahane mentioned that the Jews in New York City had been assaulted and attacked by Negro mobs. Rabbi Kahane stated that the cause of this trouble was in connection with the death of a Negro child caused by a truck driver who was a Jew. He stated that the Negroes moved in on the Jews, and it was necessary for the Jews to organize and fight the Negroes back. He stated that when the Jews organized and fought back, the Negroes stopped their harassment of the Jews in New York City."

    Page 69: During an appearance in Chicago, Kahane "delivered what [a source] called a 'recruiting speech.' He asked for all possible aid to help Soviet Jews and said that 'Violence is always bad, but sometimes necessary.' After Kahane's speech, a karate demonstration was held."

    Page 77: Kahane's U.S. arrest record as of June 1970.

    Page 78: Source says the JDL is planning a sit-in at the home of Leonard Bernstein, because of Bernstein's past meeting with members of the Black Panther Party.

    Page 105: JDL members have been receiving training from members of the National Rifle Association.

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    Domestic Spy Satellites Are Already In Play

    The Homeland Security Department has agreed to delay spy satellite surveillance of the United States for counterterrorism and other purposes, in response to concerns raised by U.S. Rep. Bennie Thompson, chairmen of the the House Homeland Security Committee.

    Except that they already do.

    According to Reuters:
    Charles Allen, the Homeland Security Department's assistant secretary for intelligence and analysis, said in a letter to Thompson the department was working to answer his questions and the program would protect U.S. privacy and civil liberties.

    The United States has used spy satellite images for purposes such as monitoring U.S. natural disasters. But the new office would also use the images for domestic security and law enforcement, and it would share the information with state and local authorities, the Homeland Security Department has said.

    But -- as previously reported by INTELWIRE -- the CIA used satellites for domestic surveillance no later than 1995.

    A document released to INTELWIRE under the Freedom of Information Act reveals that CIA provided the FBI with imagery of the Alfred E. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City after it was bombing in April 1995.

    The Agency provided both "pre- and post-blast imagery to facilitate forensic examination of the blast site." In other words, they had imagery of the building before the bombing.

    Other reports indicated that satellite imagery monitored domestic extremists after the bombing, but the imagery referred to here preceded the bombing. INTELWIRE is pursuing additional FOIA action to clarify the extent of the satellite program and will publish results when they become available.

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    BOOKS

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    "...a timely warning..."

    Jihad Joe: Americans Who Go to War in the Name of Islam:
    "At a time when some politicians and pundits blur the line between Islam and terrorism, Berger, who knows this subject far better than the demagogues, sharply cautions against vilifying Muslim Americans. ... It is a timely warning from an expert who has not lost his perspective." -- New York Times

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    ABOUT

    INTELWIRE is a web site edited by J.M. Berger. a researcher, analyst and consultant covering extremism, with a special focus on extremist activities in the U.S. and extremist use of social media. He is a non-resident fellow with the Brookings Institution, Project on U.S. Relations with the Islamic World, and author of the critically acclaimed Jihad Joe: Americans Who Go to War in the Name of Islam, the only definitive history of the U.S. jihadist movement, and co-author of ISIS: The State of Terror with Jessica Stern.

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